(1) Some facts about Genetically Modified Foods / Grains

(2) Canadian Wheat Board Opposes GE Wheat




Below is a press release on ActionAid's new report, GM Crops - Going Against
the Grain
that will be launched on Wednesday 28 May. You can download a copy
at: http://www.actionaid.org/resources/pdfs/gatg.pdf

For more information or to set up interviews contact: Hannah Crabtree in the
ActionAid media office on + 44 (0) 20 7561 7627 or 077539 73486 (out of

Embargoed: 00:01 Wednesday 28 May
News hook: the public debate on GM starting 3 June

No evidence that GM will help solve world hunger GM crops will not feed the world and could pose a considerable threat to poor farmers, warns a new report launched today by ActionAid. GM Crops - Going Against the Grain examines biotech companies' claims that genetically modified (GM) crops can tackle world hunger. The report is being submitted to the Government in advance of the UK public debate starting on 3 June.

GM Crops - Going Against the Grain reveals that at best GM crops are irrelevant to poor farmers, at worst they threaten to push them deeper into debt, making them more reliant on expensive seeds and chemicals and unable to save seed from one harvest to the next.

"The UK public should not be duped into accepting GM in the name of developing countries. GM does not provide a magic bullet solution to world hunger. What poor people really need is access to land, water, better roads to get their crops to market, education and credit schemes," said Matthew Lockwood, ActionAid's Head of Policy.

Using evidence from ActionAid campaigns in Asia, Africa and Latin America, the report takes a balanced look at the impact of GM crops in developing countries. It concludes that rather than alleviating world hunger, the new technology is likely to exacerbate food insecurity, leading to more hungry people not less.

Key findings from report:
· GM seeds are far more suited to the needs of large-scale commercial farmers rather than poor farmers.
· GM expansion is driven by corporate profit not the needs of poor people. Four multinationals - Monsanto, Syngenta, Bayer CropScience and DuPont - control most of the GM seed market. By linking their chemicals to seeds via GM technologies, these corporations have extended markets for their herbicides and pesticides.
· Farmers are not allowed to trade or save GM seed from one harvest to the next. 'Terminator technology' is also being developed that produces sterile seeds.
· There is no consistent evidence GM crops yield more and require fewer chemicals. In one study, Monsanto's GM soya had 6% lower yields than non-GM soya and 11% less than high-yielding non-GM soya.
· Insecticide use on GM cotton has fallen in some locations, but these gains may be short-lived. Chemical use on herbicide-resistant GM crops has sometimes gone up rather than down.

In Pakistan, ActionAid has investigated how poor farmers have been enticed by the hype surrounding GM to buy expensive 'miracle' cotton seeds. The results have been disappointing, with many farmers losing most of their crops and facing ruin.

The report recommends that there should be no further commercialisation of GM crops until more research has been carried out on their impacts, especially in poor countries. Also, poor countries and their farmers must have the right to open public debates before they decide whether to go ahead with GM crops.

Key GM statistics:
· In 2002 GM crops covered 58 million hectares worldwide - an area two and a half t times the size of the UK.
· Only 1% of GM research is aimed at crops used by poor farmers.
· The US biotech industry spends $250 million a year promoting GM.
· A small range of useful looking GM crops aimed at the poor are being researched but they stand only a 1 in 250 chance of making it into farmers fields.
· The four corporations that control most of the GM seed market had a
combined turnover from agrochemicals and seeds of $21.6 billion in 2001.
· 91% of all GM crops grown worldwide in 2001 were from Monsanto seeds.

"We know there is more than enough food in the world to feed everyone. What is causing world hunger is poverty and inequality. Money would be far better spent tackling these problems than poured into GM technology," said Adriano Campolina Soares from ActionAid Brazil.

Alex Wijeratna
Food Rights campaign
Hamlyn House
Macdonald Rd
London N19 5PG
Tel: + 44 (0) 207 561 7613
Fax: + 44 (0) 207 281 5146
Email: alexw@actionaid.org.uk
Web: www.actionaid.org


May 22, 2022

Mr. Peter Turner
Monsanto Canada Inc
67 Scurfield Boulevard
Winnipeg MB R3Y 1G4 Fax No.: (204) 488-9599

Dear Mr. Turner:

As you know, the potential release of Roundup Ready® wheat (RRW) remains
the cause of considerable concern for wheat customers, farmers and others.
The farmer-controlled Canadian Wheat Board (CWB) is extremely concerned
that the unconfined release of RRW in Canada will result in significant and
predictable economic harm to western Canadian farmers. This harm will
occur to those who adopt the technology and those who do not, as well as to
others in the Canadian wheat value chain.

Economic harm could include lost access to premium markets, penalties
caused by rejected shipments, and increased farm management and grain
handling costs. Unfortunately, scientific data demonstrating the food
safety of RRW will not, by itself, prevent this harm. Furthermore, the CWB
is not satisfied that Monsanto's stated commitments regarding
commercialization of RRW will adequately protect the interests of western
Canadian farmers and Canada's wheat customers from this economic harm.

The CWB hereby requests Monsanto withdraw its application to the Canadian
Food Inspection Agency (CFIA) for environmental safety assessment of RRW.

It is of the utmost importance that your decision on this request be made
as soon as possible in order to protect the interests of the wheat value
chain and to prevent the damages that may result from the unconfined
release of RRW. We ask that you confirm by June 27, 2022 your withdrawal
from the application process.

Yours truly,

Original signed by

Ken Ritter
Chair, CWB Board of Directors

Original signed by

Adrian C. Measner
President and Chief Executive Officer



c: Hugh Grant, Executive Vice-President and Chief Operating Officer,
Monsanto Company